(1) Alliteration (अनुप्रास अलंकार) :
“A repetition of a consonant sound in quick succession at the beginning of words is called Alliteration.”
“कवितेच्या चरणात शब्दांच्या सुरुवातीच्या (पहिल्या) एकाच अक्षराची पुनरावृत्ती झाल्यास तो अनुप्रास अलंकार असतो.”
Ex. With its Twist and Turns.
वरील चरणात शब्दांच्या सुरुवातीला T या अक्षराची पुनरावृत्ती झाली आहे.
Ex. (1) Snehal sang a song for students.
(2) Vijaya bought a house for her handsome brother, Harish.
(3) My mother makes meal for Mira.
(4) My father works in the farm, though he is fat.
(5) Renu reads real stories of Ram.

(2) Repetition (पुनरावृत्ती अलंकार) :
“If there is a repetition of words in the given sentences, this is the example of Repetition.”
“कवितेच्या वाक्यात / चरणात एकाच शब्दाची पुनरावृत्ती झाल्यास ते वाक्य पुनरावृत्ती अलंकाराचे असते.”
Ex (1) I want to sow many, small, small moons of light.
(2) Keep it, my son, keep it.
(3) A red red rose sweet and round.
(4) Don’t come again and again.
(5) To be or not to be.

(3) Antithesis (विरोधालंकार) :
“In Antithesis a striking opposition or contrast of idea or words is employed to secure emphasis.”
“कवितेच्या एकाच वाक्यात किंवा चरणात दोन विरोधी शब्दांचे / कल्पनांचे सादरीकरण केल्यास विरोधालंकार होतो.”
Ex (1) When the funds are low and debts are high.
(2) And you want to smile, but you have to sign.
(3) To err is human, to forgive divine.
(4) She loves and hates me.
(5) The open door closed with a bang.

(4) Anticlimax (प्रतिसार अलंकार) :

“Anticlimax is the opposite of climax – a sudden descent from higher to lower.”
“प्रतिसार अलंकारामध्ये कवितेच्या चरणातील कल्पना उतरत्या क्रमाने मांडून अपकर्ष साधलेला असतो.”
Ex. (1) It is best, better and good.
(2) The jungle comprises hills and valleys, waterfalls and brooks.

(5) Climax (सार अलंकार) :
“Climax is the use of a series of ideas or words in the order of increasing importance.”
“सार अलंकारामध्ये कवितेच्या चरणातील कल्पना चढत्या क्रमाने मांडून उत्कर्ष साधलेला असतो.”
Ex. (1) Genius Academy is good, better and best.
(2) But Tidy hinched, and Tidy flinched and Tidy broke his nose.
(3) The place of my birth, faith and pride.

(6) Hyperbole (अतिशयोक्ती अलंकार) :
“There is exaggerated statements in Hyperbole.”
“कवितेतील चरणात एखादी कल्पना आहे त्यापेक्षा अधिक फुगवून सांगितलेली असल्यास ते अतिशयोक्ती अलंकाराचे उदाहरण असते.”
Ex. (1) Her feet seemed to dance on air.
(2) He can make a whole in the sky.

(7) Paradox (विरोधाभास अलंकार) :
“In Paradox poet use contrasting words to suggest a well founded idea.”
“कवितेच्या चरणात विरोधाचा आभास निर्माण करण्यासाठी विरोधाभास हा अलंकार वापरतात.”
Ex. (1) Your eyes were frosted star light: Your heart, fire and snow.
(2) I can see you though I am blind.

(8) Personification (चेतनगुणोक्ती अलंकार) :
“In personification objects are personified for poetic effect.”
“निसर्गातील निर्जीव वस्तू सजीव आहेत अशी कल्पना करुन ती मानवजातीप्रमाणे वागतात, असे
वर्णन केलेले असल्यास चेतनगुणोक्ती अलंकार होतो.’
Ex. (1) Stars danced in the sky.
(2) Coldly gaped the moon.
(3) The rain is speaking loudly.
(4) 0 sun, my dear sun, help me.
(5) Moon plays a game hide & sick.

(9) Metaphor (रुपक अलंकार) :
“If there is a comparison between two objects by treating them as one in the given example, this is the example of Metaphor.”
“दोन वस्तू (उपमेय व उपमान) एकरुप किंवा अभिन्न असल्याचे वर्णन जेथे असते, तेथे रुपक अलंकार होतो.”
Ex. (1) Clouds of doubt.
(2) Drunk with the wine of her youth.
(3) Life is love.
(4) Water is life.
(5) Life is dream.

Remaining Figures of Speech are given in second part.