Future Tense : भविष्यकाळ

Future Tense : भविष्यकाळ

Future Tense चे चार उपप्रकार आहेत.
1) Simple Future Tense : साधा भविष्यकाळ
2) Future Continuous Tense : चालू भविष्यकाळ
3) Future Perfect Tense : पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ
4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense : चालू पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ

• Simple Future Tense : साधा भविष्यकाळ
Structure :
कर्ता + shall / will + क्रियापदाचे पहिले रुप + कर्म
Subject + shall / will + Verb 1 + Object

1) साध्या भविष्यकाळात I व We सोबत shall वापरतात.
2) साध्या भविष्यकाळात I व We सह इतर सर्व कर्त्यासोबत will वापरतात.

EXAMPLES
1) I shall push a ball.
2) We shall push a ball.
3) You will push a ball.
4) You will push a ball.
5) He will push a ball.
6) She will push a ball.
7) It will push a ball.
8) They will push a ball.
9) Ram will push a ball.
10) People will push a ball.

Simple Future Tense चे Negative Sentence
Structure : S + will / shall + not + V 1 + O
1) I shall not come tomorrow.
2) We shan’t go there.
3) He will not join us.
4) She won’t buy this book.

Simple Future Tense चे Interrogative Sentence
Structure : will / shall + S + V 1 + O + ?
1) Shall I come tomorrow ?
2) Shall we go there ?
3) Will he join us ?
4) Will she buy this book ?

पुढीलपैकी एखादा शब्द वाक्यात असल्यास ते वाक्य Simple Future Tense चे असते : next, after, tomorrow, coming, भविष्यकाळातील वर्ष, भविष्यकाळातील वर्षासोबत night हा शब्द.

• Future Continuous Tense : चालू भविष्यकाळ
Structure :
कर्ता + shall / will + be + क्रियापदाचे पहिले रूप +  ing + कर्म
Subject + shall / will + be + Verb 1 + ing + Object

1) I व We सोबत shall be वापरतात .
2) I व We सह इतर सर्व कर्त्यासोबत will be वापरतात.

EXAMPLES
1) I shall be pushing a ball.
2) We shall be pushing a ball.
3) You will be pushing a ball.
4) You will be pushing a ball.
5) He will be pushing a ball.
6) She will be pushing a ball.
7) It will be pushing a ball.
8) They will be pushing a ball.
9) Ram will be pushing a ball.
10) People will be pushing a ball.

Future Continuous Tense चे Negative Sentence :
Structure : S + will / shall + not + be + V 1 + ing + O              किंवा
S + won’t / shan’t + be + V 1 + ing + O
1) I shall not reading this novel.
2) We shan’t playing cricket.
3) They will not coming here.
4) She won’t going to school.

Future Continuous Tense चे Interrogative Sentence :
Structure :
Will / Shall + S + be + V 1 + ing + O + ?
1) Shall I be teaching english ?
2) Will she be playing cricket ?

दिलेल्या वाक्यात भविष्य काळात येणाऱ्या शब्दांसोबत morning, afternoon, evening यापैकी एखादा शब्द असेल तर ते वाक्य Future Continuous Tense चे असते. पण भविष्य काळातील शब्दांसोबत night हा शब्द असेल तर ते वाक्य Simple Future Tense चे असते.

• Future Perfect Tense : पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ
Structure :
कर्ता + shall / will + have + क्रियापदाचे तिसरे रुप  + कर्म
Subject + shall / will + have + Verb 3 + Object

1) I व We सोबत shall have वापरतात .
2) I व We सह इतर सर्व कर्त्यासोबत will have वापरतात .

EXAMPLES
1) I shall have pushed a ball.
2) We shall have pushed a ball.
3) You will have pushed a ball.
4) You will have pushed a ball.
5) He will have pushed a ball.
6) She will have pushed a ball.
7) It will have pushed a ball.
8) They will have pushed a ball.
9) Ram will have pushed a ball.
10) People will have pushed a ball.

Future Perfect Tense चे Negative Sentence :
Structure : Subject + shall / will + not + have + Verb 3 + Object
1) I shall not have completed study.
2) Shital will not have reached there.

Future Perfect Tense चे Interrogative Sentence :
Structure :
Shall / Will + S + have + V 3 + O + ?
1) Shall we have received a message ?
2) Will they have published a book ?

दिलेल्या वाक्यात by ची भविष्यकाळातील phrase असेल तर ते वाक्य Future Perfect Tense चे असते.
Ex. Ram will have completed his education by next June.

• Future Perfect Continuous Tense : चालू पूर्ण भविष्यकाळ
Structure : कर्ता + shall / will + have + been + क्रियापदाचे पहिले रूप + ing + कर्म
Subject + shall / will + have + been + Verb 1 + ing + Object

1) I व We सोबत shall have वापरतात.
2) I व We सह इतर सर्व कर्त्यासोबत will have वापरतात.

EXAMPLES
1) I shall have been pushing a ball.
2) We shall have been pushing a ball.
3) You will have been pushing a ball.
4) You will have been pushing a ball.
5) He will have been pushing a ball.
6) She will have been pushing a ball.
7) It will have been pushing a ball.
9) Ram will have been pushing a ball.
10) People will have been pushing a ball.

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